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Functional Nutrients
Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is an antioxidant that is soluble in both fat and water and is easily absorbed and transported across cell membranes. This offers protection against free radicals both inside the cells and outside the cell unlike many other antioxidants which only provide extracellular protection.

Inside the cell, alpha lipoic acid is readily reduced or broken down to dihydrolipoic acid. Dihydrolipoic acid is even more potent than alpha lipoic acid, neutralizing free radicals, preventing them from causing harm. It directly destroys damaging superoxide radicals, hydroperoxy radicals and hydroxyl radicals. We encounter these oxidants every day through exposure to cigarette smoke, car exhaust, irradiation, polluted air, alcohol, sunshine, etc. We also continuously form superoxides as a natural part of respiration and metabolism. We create free radicals as we convert the food we eat to energy.

Free radicals damage cell membranes creating capillary fragility, are associated with cardiovascular disease, damage proteins creating cataracts, and breakdown elastin and collagen, which are associated with aging, wrinkles and cancer.


Chondroitin sulphate is a molecule made of sugars and amino acids. It exists within the category of metabolically active molecules known as glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). At one time these substances were commonly referred to as mucopolysaccharides. Glycosaminoglycans comprise the ground substance or “filler” in the extracellular matrix of collagen. In humans GAGs can be found in cartilage, bone, cornea, skin and the walls of large arteries

There are four different structural varieties (isomers) of chondroitin sulphate, and each is dependent upon the arrangement of the sugars and amino acids. They are labeled A, B, C, and D; with chondroitin sulphate A being the most abundant in human biology. Most supplements contain a mixture of A and C, which are the most abundant forms found in shark and whale cartilage products. However, small amounts can also be found naturally in humans. The different isomers have different molecular weights, and those with lower weights are more readily absorbed and integrated into tissues.

CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid)

CLA is a fatty acid that is related to the omega-6 essential fatty acids. Although CLA occurs naturally in meat and dairy products, most people have substantially reduced their consumption of these foods while changes in beef and dairy cattle feed have also reduce their production of CLA leaving most diets deficient in CLA supply. This seems like a contradiction to general believe which sight total production of omega 6 fatty acids as an indicator of the consumption of this nutrient. In reality produced omega 6 fatty acids (like sunflower oil) are mostly destroyed and turned to “saturated fat” during food processing.

Fulvic Acid

Fulvic acid (not to be confused with folic acid) is rapidly being recognized as one of the key elements in many outstanding health and scientific breakthroughs of the 21st century. Scientists and doctors throughout the world are beginning to discover fulvic acid and are starting to recognize its extraordinary potential.


Humic acid contains an active ingredient called fulvic acid which has over 70+ minerals chelated.


Fulvic acid can balance and energize cell life and biological properties it comes into contact with. If the individual cell is restored to its normal chemical balance and electrical potential, we have given cells life where death and disintegration would normally occur.


Glucosamine is an amino sugar molecule that can be naturally produced in the body. The main function of glucosamine on joints is to stimulate the manufacture of molecules known as glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) a key structural component of cartilage. It appears that as some people age, they lose the ability to manufacture sufficient levels of glucosamine. The result is that cartilage loses its ability to act as a shock absorber.


The body’s inability to manufacture sufficient amounts of glucosamine has been suggested to be the major factor leading to osteoarthritis. That’s why supplementing your diet with glucosamine is vitally important.


Inulin is a soluble fibre and like other dietary fibre is also classified as a (very) complex carbohydrate. The inulin used in Biozest is made from chicory root but is also found in a number of vegetables such as artichokes, asparagus, leeks, onions, garlic and also whole grains. It resists digestion in the small intestines like all other soluble fibres and is fermented in the large intestine (colon).

Inulin reduces the glycaemic effect of other carbohydrates consumed, which makes it and ideal nutrient to help control blood glucose levels and insulin secretion. As fibre it also increases stool weight and frequency, modulates several aspects of intestinal epithelium integrity and may have a positive effect on blood pressure regulation.


Lecithin is a fatty substance called phospholipid. The liver produces it if the diet is adequate. It is needed by every cell in the body and is a key building block of cell membranes: without it, they would harden! Lecitin also protects cells from oxidation and largely comprises the protective sheaths surrounding the brain. It comprises mostly of B vitamins, phosphoric acid, choline, omega 3 linolenic acid and inositol.

Though it is a fatty substance it is also a fat emulsifier. Hence it supports the circulatory system by keeping fat and cholesterol solvent and preventing it from attaching to the artery walls and clogging the cardiovascular system.


Pectin is a soluble fibre, which have a gel-forming effect when mixed with water, and is also classified – like other fibres - as a (very) complex carbohydrate. The pectin used in Biozest is extracted from apples but is also found in citrus fruits. Apple pectin is helpful in maintaining good digestive health. The old proverb “ An apple a day keeps the doctor away” still holds today!

Fibre, like pectin, resists digestion in the small intestines and is fermented in the large intestine (colon). This increases stool weight and frequency alleviating / preventing constipation.

Phosphatidyl Choline

Phosphatidyl choline is a phospholipid, which is a polar ionic compound composed of an alcohol and a diacylglycerol, or sphingosine, linked by a phosphodiester bridge. It is a part of the membrane of cells and acts as an essential component of bile, aiding the solubilization of cholesterol. Supplementation with lecithin (which contains high levels of phosphatidyl choline) has been shown to decrease bile cholesterol levels. All animal cells have a phospholipid bilayer that is principally composed of phosphatidyl choline. This phospholipid compound is also a main component of circulating lipoproteins.


Some sources confuse phosphatidyl choline with lecithin and use the two terms interchangeably. However, these are distinct compounds with lecithin being a mix of phospholipids and other fats. Lecithin is the primary dietary source of phosphatidyl choline. Supplements of lecithin that is formulated to contain more than 30% phosphatidyl choline are considered phosphatidyl choline concentrates.

Phosphatidyl Serine

Phosphatidyl serine is a phospholipid that is classified as a polar ionic compound Phosphatidyl serine is synthesized in the body primarily via exchange of ethanolamine, from phosphatidyl ethanolamine, for serine. Biosynthesis also requires adequate levels of folic acid, vitamin B12, and essential fatty acids.

Phosphatidyl serine is a vital component of cell membranes and is the major acidic phospholipid in the brain. Its fluid nature, which is necessary for cell to cell communication and cellular metabolism, underscores the importance of this compound in cell membrane function and integrity.

This phospholipid has broad effects in the central nervous system. Administering preparations of phosphatidyl serine to aged rats has increased dopamine release in the striatum, stimulated acetylcholine secretion, and has prevented age-related atrophy of cholinergic cells in the basal forebrain. Phosphatidyl serine supplementation has demonstrated changes in EEG activity in humans. Taking Phosphatidyl serine supplementation over a period of 30 days has restored the circadian rhythmicity of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion in hospitalized patients.


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