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Biotin (vitamin H)

Functions of Biotin (vitamin H)


·         Aids in the utilization (metabolism) of protein, folic acid, pantothenic acid, and vitamin B-12

·         It plays a role in the Kreb cycle (which is the process to release energy from food)

·         It is indicated for healthy hair, skin, nerve tissue and bone marrow

·         Is helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level

·         Helps with the transfer of carbon dioxide


Deficiency symptoms of Biotin (vitamin H)


·         Dry scaly skin

·         Fatigue or extreme exhaustion

·         Loss and / or thinning of hair

·         Central nervous system abnormalities such as depression, lethargy, and hallucination.

·         Muscle pain

·         Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting

·         High cholesterol

Vitamin A (Beta Carotene)

Functions of vitamin A


·         Necessary for growth and repair of body tissue

·         Helps maintain smooth, soft disease free skin

·         Helps protect the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat & lungs, thereby reducing susceptibility to infections

·         Protect against air pollutants

·         Counteracts night-blindness and weak eyesight

·         Aids in bone and teeth formation

·         Current research indicate that foods rich in Beta Carotene may help to reduce the risk of lung and certain oral cancers


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin A


·         Night blindness

·         Fatigue

·         Abscesses forming in the ear

·         Sinusitis

·         Frequent cold and respiratory infections

·         Bacterial invasion and scarring of the eye cornea

·         Lack of tearing

·         Rough, dry and scaly skin as well as acne, boils and bumpy skin

·         Loss of smell and appetite

·         Defective teeth and gums’ retarded growth

Vitamin B-1 (Thiamin)

Functions of vitamin B-1 (Thiamin)


·         It plays a key role in the metabolism of carbohydrates to generate energy

·         Is essential for the normal functioning and health of the nervous system

·         It is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric acid, and thus assist in the digestion process

·         Stabilizes the appetite

·         Promote growth and good muscle tone

·         Assist with memory and learning


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-1 (Thiamin)


·         Weakness and feeling tired

·         Mental depression, irritability and forgetfulness

·         Constipation

·         Edema and enlarged liver

·         Muscle pain

·         Loss of appetite and weight

Vitamin B-12 (Cobolamin)

Functions of vitamin B-12 (Cobolamin)


·         Is needed in the manufacture and maintenance of red blood cells

·         Promotes growth

·         Is necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein and to release the energy in these nutrients

·         Is needed for calcium absorption

·          Assist in preventing mental deterioration and helps speeding up thought processes


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-12 (Cobolamin)


·         Sore tongue

·         Weakness and fatigue

·         Weight (lean muscle) loss

·         Back pain

·         Loss of balance

·         Poor attention span

Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)

Functions of vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)


·         It is required for the metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein (amino acids)

·         Aids in the formation of antibodies and red blood cells

·         Maintains cell respiration

·         Necessary for the maintenance of good vision, skin, hair and nails

·         Alleviates fatigue

·         Promotes general health

·         Needed to activate vitamin B-6

·         Helps with the absorption of iron and vitamin B-6

·         Assist the adrenal gland


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)


·         Cracks and sores at the corner of the mouth

·         Inflammation of the mouth and tongue

·         Skin lesions

·         Dermatitis

·         Hair loss

·         Poor digestion

·         Retarded growth and slow mental responses have been reported

Vitamin B-3 (Niacin)

Functions of vitamin B-3 (Niacin)


·         Required for cell respiration

·         Improves cholesterol management

·         Helps to normalize blood pressure 

·         Maintains the nervous system

·         Increase energy through better metabolism of protein (amino acids), sugar and fat

·         Helps maintain a healthy skin, tongue and digestive system

·         It is used in the synthesis of sex hormones


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-3 (Niacin)


·         May result in pellagra

·         Gastrointestinal disturbances

·         Indigestion

·         Insomnia

·         Nervousness, irritability and mental depression

·         Fatigue and muscular weakness

·         General muscular weakness, vague aches and pains

·         Loss of appetite

·         Skin eruptions and inflammation

Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)

Functions of vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)


·         Plays an important role in the secretion of hormones from the adrenal gland

·         Participates in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats and protein (amino acids)

·         Aids in the better utilization of other vitamins

·         Helps in cell building and the development of the central nervous system

·         Improves the body’s resistance to stress

·         Helps to fight allergies and infections by building antibodies

·         Are beneficial in the maintenance of healthy skin and muscles


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)


·         May lead to frequent infections

·         Painful and burning feet

·         Skin abnormalities

·         Sleep disturbances and neurological disorders including numbness

·         Digestive disturbances, vomiting and stomach stress

·         Muscle weakness

·         Biological changes include increased insulin sensitivity

Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)

Functions of vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)


·         Is required for the balancing of hormonal changes in woman

·         Necessary for the synthesis and breakdown of protein to form amino acids

·         Aids in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates

·         Assisting the immune system

·         Aids in the removal of excess fluid of premenstrual women

·         Helps maintain a proper of sodium and phosphorous in the body

·         It is linked to cancer immunity

·         Fights the formation of the toxic chemical homocysteine, which is detrimental to the heart muscle


Deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)


·         Irritability, nervousness and insomnia

·         General weakness

·         Skin changes such as dermatitis and acne

·         Asthma and allergies might develop

·         Kidney stones might appear

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